Young Horse Premiums
|1st Premium||Exceeds breed standard. Indicator of highest quality. (Is equal to ster status in the studbook inspection.)|
|2nd Premium||Meets breed standard. Some faults or lack of quality in type, conformation, and/ or movement. (Is equal to studbook status in the studbook inspection.)|
|Elimination||Horses may be eliminated if their conformation or movement precludes them from a first or second premium.|
All young horses are evaluated individually within their breeding direction. First they are individually stood up in front of the jury. Second, they will first walk and then trot in a clockwise direction around the arena. Third, they will again be stood up in front of the jury, facing the other direction.
After all horses in a class are evaluated individually, they all come back as a group in their order of go for a final walk-around. The jury will then place horses, present premiums and give commentary.
No scoresheets filled out for foals, yearlings and two-year-old fillies and geldings. Owners are encouraged to talk to the jury at the keuring. Owners of two-year-old colts in the advice keuring will receive a written report and recommendation.
A completed birth declaration must be on file with the KWPN-NA office prior keuring entry. Parentage verification must be completed prior to the start of keuring. It is important for foals to be well prepared for the inspection. Foals should be used to the halter, be able to walk properly on a lead and be easily caught.
Generally foals have not lost all of their foal coat. The jury only examines the quality of the foal and not the coat. Body clipping is not recommended. Clipping the whiskers around the nose and eyes is also discouraged. Clipping the pastern cavities is functional, because it enables the jury to better judge the position of the pastern. The foal’s mane should be braided so the jury can see the line of the neck.
Preferably foals are not weaned because they show much better when presented at the side of their dam. For the individual presentation the mare and foal enter the arena together, each with their own handler.
First, mare and foal are stood up next to each other in front of the jury, with the foal closest to the jury. Second, the foal will be turned loose to follow the mare and her handler around the ring. Third, the foal will be caught and stood up in front of the jury, this time facing the other direction.
Weaned foals are to be shown in-hand only.
When all the foals in a particular breeding direction have been evaluated, the jury will decide the final scores, announce the ringing order and provide commentary for the owner and the public.
The foal’s bridle number must be visible to the jury at all times. Embryo transfer foals should be marked as such on the entry form. If not known the combination might look strange to the jury. Twins should also be marked on the entry form.
Yearlings are shown in-hand as the weaned foals above. Fillies, colts and geldings are in the same class according to breeding direction.
Two-year-old colts, fillies and geldings in the premium grading class are shown in-hand as the yearlings above.
Two-year-old colts entered in the “Advice Keuring” are presented separately from other two-year-olds. Colts are evaluated as stallion prospects with a pedigree evaluation and linear scoring, including free movement or jumping. The pedigree approval must be completed in March, prior to entry in this class.
The goal of this class is to advise breeders on whether the colt meets the criteria for approval and whether or not to present the colt for approval. Owners will receive a written evaluation with jury recommendations or conditions that should be met prior to further presentation. The owner is free to present the horse even if the jury gives negative advice at that particular time.
Successful colts must again undergo the required pedigree evaluation prior to being presented for approval as a three-year-old as well as the veterinary examination according to the approval protocol.
All Riding Type horses participating in the studbook inspections are evaluated on conformation and free-movement or jumping talent. Harness type horses are evaluated on conformation and in-hand movement. The linear score sheet is used to evaluate both the horse as a whole and its individual traits. This process yields a detailed description of a horse’s traits relative to the KWPN population as well as an overall score for the primary traits of conformation, movement and jumping.
For horses presented for studbook, the ster inspection is part of the class. For mares, the keur eligibility inspection is also part of the class.
First each horse is individually measured, has its markings checked and is checked for genetic defects.
Second, each horse is individually walked and trotted in-hand on the hard surface.
For the third phase, the horse goes to the indoor arena or cage to show off its free movement. Jumpers and hunters will also show their jumping ability. (Horses may wear protective boots on their forelegs during this phase.)
Upon entering the arena, horses should be walked around the perimeter to let them acclimate to the unfamiliar surroundings. The judges will signal when the horse should be let loose, tracking to the right. When the jury has seen sufficient movement and/or jumping for their evaluation, the horse will be caught, walked around the ring one more time and then be stood up in front of the jury. The jury will comment on the horse at this time, after which it will leave the ring.
The jury will evaluate the walk, trot and canter in both directions.
First, the jury will evaluate the trot and canter, in both directions. Next, the jury will evaluate the horse as it is directed through a line of three jumps. All jumps are flanked by rails so horses can’t jump out.
The first jump is a vertical placed six meters from the short side of the ring, with a trotting pole before it.
The second jump is another vertical and placed 6.60 meters after the first.
The third jump is placed 7.10–7.65 meters after the second. It is initially a vertical and later expanded into an oxer, the height of which depends on the age of the horse.
Horses are shown in-hand only.
After all horses in a group have completed their individual presentations they will come back as a group for a final walk around, presentation of ribbons and commentary from the jury.
RP and GP ster mares will come back later to be evaluated for keur conformation. TP mares are automatically eligible for keur with their ster rating.
A horse that was accepted into the studbook but that did not earn the ster predicate may be represented for ster if the owner feels that the horse has changed in such a manner to make ster possible in the same breeding direction or will do better in another breeding direction. If switching breeding directions, the horse must first pass an IBOP in the new breeding direction.
If a horse receives 70 points for conformation, but not the required 75 points for movement or jumping, the owner has the option to bring the horse back for an IBOP in that same breeding direction. If the horse passes the IBOP it will be awarded with the ster predicate.
Mares may be presented for keur conformation at the same or a later keuring; however, they must pass the IBOP before the conformation class.
If a mare is not keur eligible at her studbook inspection, she may be represented for keur in a subsequent year. In the keur conformation class she will join the newly ster mares as they are inspected for keur eligibility.
Mares will be walked and trotted in-hand. The jury will evaluate what they see at that moment and results are not directly relatable to scores from the studbook inspection. If deemed keur eligible, mares must complete the predicate through an IBOP or sport.