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KWPN Predicates


The predicate system of the KWPN is unique: there is no other studbook that distinguishes between the qualities of her mares this way. Predicates reflect the various parts of the KWPN breeding goal: performance, conformation, soundness and durability. Some predicates are earned by the horse itself, others are earned through offspring.

The Predicates system

We distinguish between the following predicates:

  • Ster
  • Keur eligible
  • Ibop (and EPTM in the Netherlands )
  • Keur
  • PROK
  • D-OC
  • Elite
  • Sport (through sports performance)
  • Preferent (through offspring at inspections)
  • Prestatie (through offspring in sports)

All Horses – ster, PROK, D-OC (riding type only), IBOP, sport, crown

Mares only – keur, elite, preferent, prestatie

Stallions only – ster, 2de bezichtiging (2nd viewing), aangewezen (or Licensed), keur, preferent

Stallions in NA only – sport

Each predicate has a different meaning and requirements. Some predicates can only be obtained if another predicate is already ‘in the pocket’ like Ibop or EPTM for Keur and Keur + PROK or D-OC for Elite. Studbook inspection and acquisition of the ster, keur, IBOP and sport predicates are only available within a horse’s breeding direction. Ster mares that were previously accepted into the studbook as a Riding type will receive their keur predicate in the breeding direction of their performance test or sport record (Dressage, Jumper or Hunter). The PROK predicate can be acquired by horses of all breeding directions. The D-OC predicate can only be obtained in the riding type direction. To learn more about breeding directions, visit THIS page.

Below we have pictured the criteria for the predicates per breeding direction (Gelders and Hunters are being updated, will be posted soon), with a step-by-step trajectory that a horse has to go through to obtain them all:

Predicates earned at a keuring (breeding direction specific)

North American Champion Jumper mare: D’Encore WF keur sport (sp) – 80 (80/Sport) Corland keur X Just One Look By Un Beerenauslese Owner/ Breeder: Shelley L. Campbell, Windbourne Farm (OR)

Ster (★)

A horse with a ster predicate has above average con­formation and movement and/or jumping. The ster predicate is awarded at studbook inspection to stallions, mares and geldings that have earned minimum of 70 points for conformation and minimum 75 points for movement or jumping. Minimum required height is 160cm.
If a horse earns 70 points for conformation, but less than 75 points for movement or jumping, it can earn the ster predicate by passing the IBOP test in the same breeding direction.

Keur (K)

A predicate for ster mares that are keur eligible, having conformation higher than for ster, and that have completed IBOP performance test or equivalent sport requirements. Some breeding directions have specific rules, see the flow charts above.

Elite (E)

A predicate awarded to keur mares that have also completed the PROK or the D-OC predicate (for riding type mares) or PROK (for harness mares only or horses who do not qualify for D-OC testing).


A predicate for KWPN Foalbook or Studbook, Register A, Auxiliary Foalbook or Auxiliary Studbook horses that successfully complete the IBOP riding or driving test. Combined with keur eligibility, this predicate would count toward keur.


Predicates not earned at a keuring

Acceptable Radiograph Scores
Navicular Bone0-1-2
Pastern Arthritis0-1-2-3
Bone Spavin0-1-2
OCD Hock & KneeClass A–B; Class C only acceptable under certain conditions
OCD FetlockNo selection
The KWPN standard is not met if a score is higher than the above.

Project Röntgenologisch Onderzoek KWPN (Project Radiographical Research KWPN). The breeding purpose of the KWPN states,  among other things, that it wants to breed healthy horses. The PROK predicate is awarded to horses that meet the KWPN’s radiograph requirements. This means the horse has good bone quality, which—if bred—it can pass on to any potential offspring.

Please note that your veterinarian needs to take specific pictures for the KWPN to evaluate for this predicate. When the right radiographs are taken, you send them to our office. We will then forward them to the KWPN in the Netherlands. The radiographs are evaluated there by an independent KWPN committee. With a positive evaluation, the PROK certificate is awarded. Go to the FORMS page to find the forms and more information. 

Radiographs may be taken any time after April 1 of the two-year-old year. Radiographs must be evaluated by the KWPN within three months of being taken. Per March of 2024, the KWPN has updated the PROK requirements for stallions. Read more on this topic HERE


A predicate awarded to KWPN registered mares, stallions and geldings from the Riding type breeding direction (dressage & jumper) based on their genome breeding value for osteochondrosis. This is done on the basis of a DNA test. Only scores above 95 will receive the predicate. Read all about the D-OC predicate in THIS article.

DNA samples will be collected in the form of hair for the purpose of the calculation of the genomic breeding values on the basis of the DNA tests. DNA samples can be submitted to the KWPN-NA office and will be forwarded to the KWPN. The owner should take two samples and submit them in separate baggies in case the first sample does not provide a usable result.

Preferent (pref )

A predicate awarded to KWPN registered mares that have produced three offspring that have earned the ster predicate. The predicate may also be awarded posthumously. Each of the offspring must be:

  • Mare – ster, keur or elite
  • Gelding – ster quality
  • Stallion – ster, 2nd round, aangewezen (selected for performance test), or approved by the KWPN or Erkend studbook.


A predicate awarded to KWPN Registered mares (Geldings and Stallions in NA only) on the basis of their own performance at recognized shows. (Note: Dressage tests 2003 and later only!) Owners can request this predicate by mailing in the horse’s registration paper along with the sport application and official proof of sport results required for the predicate. After confirmation of results, new papers and a certificate will be mailed to the owner.

  • 1 point at minimum Z2 dressage* (L3T2)
  • 6 points at minimum Z level jumping (Level 6 jumping; jumps to 1.30m or 4’3″)
  • 6 points in 3’6+ Hunter Divisions (Amateur, Junior and Professional Divisions)
  • points at Z level eventing (Preliminary) with no more than 20 penalty points in cross country

Gelders and Harness horses can obtain their sports predicate if they have five victory points or more in jumping, dressage, driving or in eventing in class M, or if they have started at least three times in all parts of the competition in an international four-in-hand competition, or when they compete in endurance class III and have achieved at least three victory points. Harness horses in North America are eligible for the sports predicate if they have 50 or more winning points.

Prestatie (prest)

A predicate awarded to KWPN registered mares that have a minimum of two offspring earning a combined minimum of five points as described on the tab to the left titled “Prestatie Point System”. The predicate may also be awarded posthumously.

Performance in two disciplines by a single offspring both count toward the prestatie predicate according to the point system. In the case of multiple performances in the same discipline, only the higher one will count. See chart for point system.

Idocus Crown (Equador out of Eretha Keur Preferent Prestatie by Zonneglans, bred and owned by Kathy McCarthy Wemyss) & Courtney King at World Cup Las Vegas, 2007. Picture made by Mary Cornelius.


A KWPN-NA performance predicate awarded to stallions, mares and geldings competing at FEI levels. Horses must be within the 300 top-ranked dressage or jumping horses in the final year end WBFSH/FEI rankings.

NEW The KWPN-NA is now awarding medallions to any mare/stallion/gelding who has acheived the Preferent, Prestatie or Crown predicates in the last 30 years.

Winning Points


70% or more 3 winning points
65% to 70% 2 winning points
60 to 65% 1 winning point
50 to 60% no change
45 to 50% 1 losing point

Clear round 2 winning points
One rail down (4 faults) 1 winning point
Four rails down (16 faults) 1 losing point
Elimination 2 losing points

Completing cross country without faults and within time limit 2 winning points
Completing cross country with not more than 10 penalty points at M level or 20 penalty points at Z level 1 winning point
Elimination from cross country 2 losing points


Prestatie Point System

Points earned through PerformancePoints
Completed stallion performance test¹1
Completed stallion performance test and is approved¹2
IBOP earning the minimum points for prestatie²1
Dressage competition at Z1+1 one point at L3T1 or higher)³1
Dressage competition at Z2+1 (one point at L3T2 or higher)³2
Dressage competition at Grand Prix3
Jumping competition M+5 (5 points at Level 5 or higher)³1
Jumping competition Z+1 (1 point at Level 6 or higher)³2
Jumping competition at Grand Prix3
Combined training M+5 (5 points at Training or higher) ³1
Combined training Z+1 (1 point at Preliminary or higher) ³2
Combined Driving at International level, participating in all components³1
¹ Performance test – A son that has completed the 1996 or later KWPN Performance Test in Holland or in North America.
² IBOP riding test
Each offspring that meets one of the following criteria can earn 1 point.
Through 199490 points, gaits average of 9
90 points, jumping 9, min. gaits average of 6
1995–200545 points for jumping
45 points for dressage, basic gaits minimum of 7
85 points overall, basic gaits minimum of 6
2006 and later80 points
² IBOP driving test
Through 1994Minimum 90 points2
1995 and latermore than 80 points but less than 851
85 points or more (all scores minimum of 8)2
³ Sport (Dressage tests 2003 and later only!)
Z1 dressage = L3T1; Z2 dressage = L3T2
M jumping (1.20m) = (3’11”) Jumper: Level 5 or Hunter: Second year Green
Z jumping ((1.30m) = (4’3”) Jumper Level 6 or Hunter: Regular Working Hunter
M eventing (CC 1.20m) = Training level (3’11”); Z eventing (CC 1.30m) = Preliminary level (4’3”)