Terms & Abbreviations
1ste Bez - the first round of the KWPN stallion approvals. About 750 – 800 stallions are presented.
2de Bez - predicate for stallion that was selected for and participated in the 2nd round of the KWPN stallion selection but not selected for the 3rd round.
3de Bez - predicate for stallion that was selected for and participated in the 3rd round of the KWPN stallion selection but not selected for the performance test.
A - Arab
A - after a mare’s name indicates domicile area in NWP registry (Groningen).
Aangew or aangewezen - predicate for a stallion selected for the performance test but that did not pass or complete it.
Acknowledged Studbook (AS), ASA (AS Approved), ASR (AS Registered) - The terminology for these has changed to Erkend.
afgegeven – issue date.
afgekeurd or afgek – disapproved, of a stallion.
brandmerk (op linker bil) – brand mark (on left haunch).
BWP - Belgian Warmblood Studbook.
Crown - KWPN-NA performance predicate awarded to stallions, mares and geldings in top WBFSH rankings in dressage and jumping.
dr or drs (dressuur) – dressage
Dutch Sport Levels -->
DV - Dansk Varmblod.
DWB - Danish Warmblood.
eigenaar - owner.
Elite - predicate awarded to keur mares that have also passed the KWPN radiographic exam.
Erkende Hengst - stallion approved by an Erkend Studbook that has been individually recognized for breeding by the KWPN. Foals by Erkend stallions may be eligible for the Foalbook. Stallions are subject to same veterinary requirements as KWPN approved stallions.
Erkend Stamboek - is a studbook that has been recognized by the KWPN for breeding (having like breeding goals and the studbook’s WBFSH rankings). Foals by stallions approved with an Erkend Studbook may be eligible for Register A.
Fb - Foalbook.
fokkerij - breeding program or breeding type (riding, Gelders or harness).
fokker - breeder.
geboren - born or birth date written DD/MM/YYYY.
geslacht (hengst of merrie) - sex (stallion or mare).
ggk (goedgekeurd) - approved.
GrPs - Gronings Paardenstamboek (1897 - 1942 Groninger Studbook).
H (Hauptstutbuch) - Main studbook, German mare designation of quality.
Hackn - Hackney.
Han or Hann - Hannoverian.
Hbs/Hulpstamboek - xsb/auxiliary studbook.
hengst - stallion or colt.
Hol or Holst - Holsteiner.
hoogte - height, measured in centimeters.
houding - self carriage.
hvb /Hulpveulenboek - xfb/auxiliary foalbook.
IBOP test - Instelling Bruikbaarheids Onderzoek Paarden, loosely translated from Dutch as: Institution Usability Investigation Horses, i.e. testing performance talent of horses.
ISH - Irish Sport Horse.
KHH, DHH - KWPN Harness Horse, Dutch Harness Horse; Tuigpaard.
K/keur - mare predicate higher than ‘ster’ (which is a prerequisite) plus successful performance.
K/keur - stallion predicate indicating quality and performance of offspring at keuringen and in sport.
kern - VLN designation for older mare who was a prolific producer while remaining in good and sound condition.
|kleur - color
schimmel bruin geboren
schimmel vos geboren
gray born bay
gray born chestnut
|Kentekenen - markings
KNHS - Koninklijke Nederlandse Hippische Sportbond, Dutch equivalent to USEF.
Koninklijk - the royal designation; awarded to the WPN in 1988 by Queen Beatrix.
kroon - crown; designation on older papers (VLN) equivalent to keur.
KWPN - Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek in Nederland.
m/moeder - mother/dam.
mv - ds, dam’s sire.
merrie - mare or filly.
model - NWP designation equivalent to keur.
NR - not registered.
NRPS (NRA) Nederlands Rijpaarden en Pony Stamboek - Dutch Riding Horse and Pony Studbook.
NWP - Noord Nederlandsch Warmbloed Paardenstamboek (pre 1970 studbook of the three northern provinces - Groningen, Friesland and Drenthe).
Old - Oldenburg.
ox - Anglo Arab.
pred/predicates - designations of higher quality such as ster, keur, preferent, prestatie, sport or crown.
|mare: predicate indicating a good producer. Must have a minimum of three WPN offspring which are one of the following: ster, keur, elite, 2nd or 3rd ring, Approved (by KWPN or AS).
stallion: predicate indicating increasing success of offspring above that of ‘keur’ qualifications.
prest/prestatie - mare predicate indicating a producer of sport horses. Must have three or more WPN offspring competing in sport at M+5 jumping, Z1+1 dressage or M+5 eventing.
PROK - Project Radiographic Research KWPN, a predicate awarded to KWPN registered horses that meet the KWPN radiograph requirements.
registratie van - registration of.
Rhl/Rhld - Rheinlander.
SF - Selle Français.
Sgldt - Stamboek Gelders type (pre-1970 VLN studbook).
Sgrt - Stamboek Groningstype (pre 1970 registry of VLN).
show wagen - show driving carriage.
Sport - predicate awarded to mares with a specified sport record in dressage, jumping or eventing.
springen - jumping
Sprt - Sport Register of VLN for horses of foreign blood.
stal gedrag - stall behavior.
Stamboek inschrijving van de merrie/hengst - Studbook registration of the mare/stallion.
Stb/Stamboek - Studbook (a designation of a horse accepted into the KWPN studbook).
ster ★ - star predicate for mare.
ster quality ★ - star equivalent predicate for geldings.
St Pr St (Staatspremiestute) - State Premium mare, German mares of high quality (comparable to keur).
Swed - SWB or Swedish.
Trak – Trakehner.
Tuigpaard - KWPN Harness Horse.
v/vader – father/sire.
vb/veulenboek - foalbook.
Verrichtingsonderzoek - Performance Test.
Starting with 750-800 stallions in the first round, a final group of approximately 50-60 stallions is selected from the third ring for the performance test, which is held twice a year – in the spring and the fall. The spring test lasts 70 days and the fall test lasts 50 days. Stallions attending the fall test are expected to have been well started under saddle at home prior arrival at the test). Of the stallions attending the test, about 15 - 25 stallions pass and become ‘Goedgekeurd’ or Approved.
For current items scored: see list -->
|From 1993 - 2006 Riding horses were scored for:
||Prior to 1993, the KWPN Stallion Performance Test was 100 days long and the following were also included:
jumping under saddle
Vbgldt - Veulenboek Gelderstype (VLN foalbook).
VLN/ Vereniging tot bevordering van Landbouwtuigpaardfokkerij in Nederland - Association for the promotion of Agricultural horse breeding in Holland (1939 to 1970).
WBFSH - World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses.
Westf - Westfalen.
Winning Point System:
WPN/ Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland - Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands; association formed in 1970 as the governing body for Dutch Warmblood horses incorporating all prior studbooks and registries.
xx - Thoroughbred.
xfb - Auxiliary Foalbook.
xsb - Auxiliary Studbook.
xxA - Accredited Thoroughbred.
xx B - Thoroughbred foaled in the Netherlands.
xx BB - Thoroughbred not foaled in the Netherlands.
xxU - Unaccredited Thoroughbred.
Sport Equivalents with Holland
Height Conversion Chart
Horse height in hands for metric and inches.