Stallion Procedures (New in 2010!)
Time frame for presenting stallions for approval
• Declaration of intent to present stallions for approval must be in the KWPN-NA office by March 1st. The declaration must be accompanied by pedigree and possible sport information (including that of close relations) that is as complete as possible.
• Pedigree information will be sent to the KWPN Stallion Committee for evaluation.
• Owner will be informed of the KWPN Stallion Committee decision regarding the pedigree by May 1.Owners must then decide to proceed with the inspection.
• The pedigree approval is good for only one year and must be done each year a stallion is presented.
• If proceeding, all veterinary procedures must be completed and sent to the KWPN-NA office by May 20th and will then be forwarded to the KWPN for evaluation.
• Results of the veterinary evaluations will be returned to KWPNNA office by July 1. The KWPN-NA office will relay the information to the stallion owners.
• Owners must formally sign up their stallion for the Stallion Approval class by August 1st (regardless of keuring deadline dates!).
• Physical keuring presentation must take place during the year the pedigree is approved.
KWPN Foalbook or Register A stallions and those registered with an Erkend studbook are eligible to be presented for studbook approval within their breeding direction. Other stallions that fit within a particular breeding direction are also eligible (e.g., Thoroughbred and Hackney).
Change in Breeding Direction A breeding direction may be changed in consultation with the jury or upon presentation of a sport record.
Physical Examination If a stallion is presented for advice keuring at age two or older, the General Physical and Soundness Evaluation must be completed prior to and be mailed to the KWPN-NA office with the keuring entry.
If a stallion is presented for approval, the General Physical and Soundness Evaluation of the eyes, mouth, heart and reproductive system must be completed and mailed to the KWPN-NA office with the veterinary requirements.
Proof of Identification Owners must be in possession and present the original registration papers showing name, birth date, color and markings, chip number (if applicable), and a four generation pedigree.
DNA Parentage must be proven and DNA must be on file with the KWPN-NA prior to the keuring presentation.
Height Stallions must be a minimum height of 160cm (approximately 15.3h). The jury will measure stallions at the keuring. Jury determination is binding.
Drug Testing Blood will be drawn from all stallion approval candidates for drug testing. No drugs are allowed.
Competition Requirements Stallions aged five or older must be actively participating in recognized competition as a prerequisite for approval presentation.
| Competition Requirements for Stallions Five and Older
| The following is intended as a guideline only. The level equivalencies are close but not exact.)
||JUMPERS AND HUNTERS
|U.S. Jumper Level
|U.S. Hunter Level
| 4 years
||Level 2/3; jumps to 1.10m (3'6")
||Pre Green/First Year Green
| 5 years
||Level 5; jumps to 1.20m (4'0")
||Second Year Green
| 6 years
||Level 6; jumps to 1.30m (4'3")
||Regular Working Hunter
| 6/7 years
||Level 7; jumps to 1.35/1.40m (4'6")
||Regular Working Hunter
| 7/8 years
||8 & older
| 9/10 years
THE APPROVAL PROCESS
There are several parts to the approval process:
1) Pedigree evaluation Stallions must have a pedigree that, according to the KWPN stallion committee, is of sufficient interest to the breeding program. Each year a stallion two or older is presented, a three generation pedigree must be submitted for assessment by the KWPN stallion committee with the most current data on the pedigree, expectation value and family data available at that moment. The family data includes information on the ancestors in the female line in regards to sport performance, conformation and relevant health criteria. The stallion committee will give a written opinion about the pedigree.
The pedigree evaluation is time sensitive and progressive, in other words whenever new information about the family becomes available, the result of the pedigree evaluation can change due to updated weighting. The evaluation is good only for the year in which it was done and must be redone each year the stallion is entered for a keuring presentation.
2) Performance evaluation: Stallions four or older must have shown distinctive performance appropriate for their age that positively sets them apart from their contemporaries according to the stallion committee. Keuring For stallions eight or older, they or their offspring must have positively distinguished themselves from their contemporaries in sport.
3) Linear scoring: with walk and trot on hard surface and values for conformation and free movement or jumping according to the breeding direction of the stallion.
4) The I.B.O.P. Riding test: Stallions up to eight years old are required to perform IBOP in their breeding direction unless they have a Grand Prix sport record. Stallions with a documented Grand Prix record are excused from the IBOP riding test portion of the keuring presentation.
- Riding horses – Dressage IBOP for Dressage type, Jumping IBOP for Jumper and Hunter types (includes free jumping for three- and four-year olds).
- Harness horses – Driving IBOP.
- Gelders horses – A combination of the above.
Stallions with a documented Grand Prix record may be excused from the IBOP.
5) Offspring requirements: Stallions eight and older must have a successful competition record, be a proven sire of performance horses in his own breeding area or country or have a minimum of six offspring that can be found in the WBFSH rankings.
6) Veterinary requirements: Stallions must meetradiograph and endoscopy requirements as well as the Physical Examination described earlier. There is a $150 fee each for reading the endoscopy and radiograph examinations.
Veterinary requirements consist of:
• General physical and soundness examination.
• Endoscopic Evaluation Stallions must have normal and well functioning breathing apparatus. The examination must be recorded on a DVD per KWPNinstructions and must be mailed to the KWPN-NA office to be forwarded to Holland for evaluation.
|Acceptable Radiograph Scores are:
• Navicular Bone Class 0-1-2
• Sesamoids Class 0-1-2-3-4
• Pastern Arthritis Class 0-1-2-3
• Bone Spavin Class 0-1-2
• Osteochondrosis in the knee/ hock is not allowed.
|The KWPN standard is not met if a given score is higher than above, or if osteochondrosis is present.
• Radiograph Evaluation All stallions are required to undergo a radiographic examination consisting of 22 views specified by the KWPN. Radiographs may be taken after April 1st of a stallion’s two-year-old year. CD must be mailed to the KWPN-NA office and will be forwarded to Holland for evaluation. Any surgeries must be disclosed.
||% Live Cells
|% Normal Cells
• Semen evaluation: All stallions are required to undergo a semen and breeding soundness evaluation per KWPN specifications in the year that a stallion is presented for approval, regardless of any previous evaluations. Semen needs to be of good, sufficient or moderate quality. The semen quality will be published in the stallion’s report. Semen evaluations should be submitted on the Society for Theriogenology form and must be mailed to the KWPN-NA office tp be forwarded to Holland for evaluation. The KWPN may request annual semen evaluations on a stallion when deemed necessary.
7) PerformanceTest To be approved, stallions will have to complete a 21-Day Test. Stallions competing at Grand Prix level will have to complete a 5-Day Character Test (for stallions that are or have competed at Grand Prix level).
Note: No test other than the KWPN Test will be accepted for stallion approval. The KWPN does not accept results from any 100-Day or 30-Day Test held by any other registries in North America.
Competition Requirements after Approval
By age seven or eight, stallions should be competing at the following levels: Fourth Level Dressage, Level 7 or 8 (respectively) Jumping, Regular Working Hunter, Intermediate Level Eventing. After completion of the 21-Day Test competition is desirable but not necessary.
Licensed vs. ApprovedApproved stallions have completed and met all KWPN requirements. Licensed stallions have successfully completed a keuring presentation, the veterinary requirements and an IBOP. They must still complete the 21-Day-Test
Names Approved or Erkend KWPN stallions must have a unique name. This may mean that if a particular name is already in use by another Approved or Erkend stallion, the stallion might need to be renamed. Outside Stallions will retain their original name and registration number.
Harness Stallions The circumstances for Harness stallions are somewhat unique in North America. At this time there are no opportunities for Harness stallions in North America to complete their sport requirements either through competition or a performance test. Therefore Harness stallions that are successfully presented at a keuring and successfully complete their veterinary requirements can not attain ‘Approved’ status but are considered to be permanently ‘Licensed’. Licensed stallions can only become Approved if the stallion completes the approval requirements in Holland.
In order to maintain their Licensed status, Harness stallions must be shown in harness at a KWPN-NA keuring the year after being licensed. Stallions that have competed at the highest (honors) level of harness sport in Holland may be excused from this in-harness presentation requirement. Only the KWPN has the authority to excuse a stallion from the presentation requirement.
Outside (or foreign) Stallions are stallions from an Erkend studbook, (European Warmblood, Thoroughbred or Hackney) and are considered to be “improvement sires.” As such they must offer something to the breeding program that is not readily available. This may include particular bloodlines or an impressive international sport record. A copy of registration papers, a four-generation pedigree and sport/racing records must be sent to the KWPN-NA office prior to keuring entry. The information will be sent to the KWPN stallion committee in Holland for a preliminary examination. To be KWPN approved, outside stallions must undergo the same inspection and requirements as KWPN stallions.
Advice Keuring for Stallions Two and Older
Stallions aged two-and-older can participate in an advice keuring. A linear scoresheet will also be filled out according to general keuring standards.
When signing up for the keuring the owner must submit:
- All stallions – a pedigree for a general evaluation and any pertinent family information available at that time.
- Stallions four and older – the above plus information on the stallion’s own performance. The stallion must participate in a physical stallion presentation including:
- An evaluation of the horse on the hard surface as described in the 'In-Hand Presentation on the Hard Surface';
- An evaluation of free movement and/or free jumping as described in 'Free Movement/Free Jumping'.
Advice from the Stallion Committee This keuring is to give stallion owners advice on a possible future of the stallion within the KWPN breeding program only; there are no rights or implied promises connected to the outcome of the advice keuring. The stallion committee will give a written opinion about the pedigree; the owner is responsible for what is done with the advice.
First Round for Stallions Three and Older
This class is open to stallions that:
- Turn three during the keuring year; OR
- Are four or older and have shown distinctive performance appropriate for their age that positively sets them apart from their age group; OR
- Are eight or older, and have a positively distinguished themselves at higher levels of sport or that have offspring that are positively distinguishing themselves from their age group; AND
- Have a pedigree that the stallion committee feels is of sufficient interest to be accepted into the selection process. The pedigree evaluation will be based on family and expectation values available at that moment; AND
- Have met the radiograph and endoscopy requirements according to the standards in the KWPN veterinary regulations.
- The stallion must participate in a physical stallion presentation including:
- An evaluation of the horse on the hard surface as described in the 'In-Hand Presentation on the Hard Surface';
- An evaluation of free movement and/or free jumping as described in 'Free Movement/Free Jumping'. The stallion evaluation committee will give a score according to the keuring standards, on a scale from 40 to 100 in five point increments for conformation and movement/jumping characteristics. If the stallion receives a minimum of 70 points for conformation and a minimum of 75 points for free movement or free jumping he may continue on to the Second Round at that same keuring.
Second Round for Stallions Three and Older
The Under-Saddle Presentation
• Stallions between the ages three through seven that have passed the First Round will be invited to perform the IBOP according to their breeding direction. Stallions will be scored according to the keuring standards for IBOP characteristics where 75 is a passing score. The keuring jury will forward all information to the KWPN stallion committee, which will decide which stallions will be invited to partake in the 21-Day Performance Test; OR
• In general, stallions eight or older that have passed the First Round and have a Grand Prix sport record will be shown ‘freestyle’ under saddle. At the discretion of the stallion committee, a stallion with a Grand Prix sport record, or a stallion that has a number of offspring that are successful in sport do not have to be shown under saddle. The keuring jury will forward all information to the KWPN stallion committee, which will decide which stallions will be invited to partake in the 5-Day Performance Test.
Equipment – Riding/Gelders stallions are presented under saddle with simple, smooth-mouthed snaffle, with a flash, figure eight or dropped nosebands with no more than two joints (metal or rubber) and a saddle with fitted saddle pad. Martingales, auxiliary reins or other gadgets are not allowed. Tendon protection (splint boot) is allowed on forelegs. The evaluation committee has the power to make changes to tack. The rider must wear competition attire.
Harness/Gelders stallions are presented in harness with a normal size crupper, normally sized and balanced shoes in front of a four-wheel carriage (preferably a show carriage). See Driving IBOP on page 42 for more particulars.
Evaluation of Offspring From Stallions Already Used for Breeding
For stallions that are presented for approval at a keuring and that have already sired ten registered offspring in North America or elsewhere, the stallion committee may ask to evaluate a minimum of ten offspring and incorporate the result in making decisions regarding approval.
Evaluation of the Mother
Before selection to the performance test a conformation report of the mother must be available. This includes complete linear score and values for conformation and movement. If the mother has previously undergone a conformation evaluation, those results will be used. If the mother has not previously been evaluated, her conformation will be evaluated during a regular keuring. If the mother is in North America, the regular North American jury will do the evaluation. If the mother is elsewhere, the evaluation will be handled accordingly. If the mother is deceased, as much family data as is possible will be used.
After being appointed to go to a performance test, the stallion will be considered ‘Licensed,’ or equal to a stallion selected for the performance test in Holland. Licensed stallions are required to participate in the performance test they are appointed to unless a special dispensation is applied for and granted by the KWPN stallion committee.
In general foals by Licensed stallions shall receive Register A papers, subject to directives from the KWPN Stallion Selection Committee. Papers may be upgraded to Foalbook upon approval of the stallion.
At this time, harness stallions cannot attain approved status in North America except by successfully completing a performance test in Holland. To retain Licensed status, harness stallions must be re-presented in harness the year following licensing. Following this second presentation in harness, the Register A offspring can enter the studbook after being successfully being presented at a studbook inspection without meeting any additional requirements.
Either the year after becoming ‘Licensed’, or at age five, a stallion must be presented at an independent stallion-testing facility for his performance test. The start and ending of the test will coincide with the start and ending of the KWPN keuring tour.
Stallions must be a minimum of five and a maximum of eight years of age to participate in the 21-Day Test. Stallions are required to participate in the performance test they are appointed to unless a special dispensation is applied for and granted by the KWPN stallion committee.
21-Day Performance Test: The goal of the 21-Day Test is to study and determine the natural talent of tested stallions. Testing will occur at a completely independent facility where stallions are completely cared for and trained by officials appointed by the KWPN-NA. The stallion will be trained and ridden by riders/staff of the facility for 21 days.
The North American Keuring Jury and a delegation of the KWPN stallion committee will evaluate stallions during the first day of the test and again at the end of the test. On the final day, professional riders will test the stallion and then advise the stallion committee of their findings. During the test, the stall behavior of stallions will also be evaluated. Potentially observed vices will be recorded and reported.
After completing the 21-Day-Test, the KWPN stallion committee will decide whether or not to approve the stallion.
Stallions that are competing or have competed at Grand Prix or equivalent level must attend a 5-Day Character Evaluation.
5-Day Character Evaluation The goal of the 5-Day test is to study stall behavior and any potential vices of the stallions. Testing will occur at a completely independent facility where officials appointed by the KWPN-NA will care for stallions The stallions will be evaluated at the end of the test by the North American Keuring Jury and a delegation from the KWPN stallion committee. Stallions may be accompanied by their own grooms.
After completing the 5-Day Test, the KWPN stallion committee will decide whether or not to approve the stallion.
Requirements After Approval
To retain approved status, a stallion’s offspring must meet certain requirements at three times during his breeding career. If, at those times, a stallion’s offspring do not meet the standards set by the KWPN, the stallion may be disapproved at the following intervals:
• A stallion is required to present a minimum of ten* offspring at the dam’s side for foal inspection within two years of the date of approval. The foals are preferably shown at a single keuring, but multiple locations are allowed.
• A stallion is required to present ten* offspring (three to five years old) at studbook inspections by the time the oldest offspring are five years old.
• Sport results of ten* offspring (five to eleven years old) must be submitted by the time the oldest offspring are eleven years old.
If a stallion cannot not meet the above requirements, the owner can apply for a one-year extension. An extension will be granted only if the KWPN stallion committee sees potential in the stallion and the owner has an acceptable reason (e.g., veterinary) as to why the stallion did not meet his requirements.
After successfully completing all the previously stated requirements, a stallion will have met all the approval criteria and may be permanently approved.
|The evaluation of stallions in the context of stallion selections and the status of stallions in North America takes place under the guidance of and is subject to the directives by the KWPN Stallion Selection Committee. The KWPN Stallion Selection Committee may be assisted by advisers or delegate parts of the evaluation.